Artificial Intelligence: What is It Capable Of?
When you hear the popular term artificial intelligence, you might think of robots resembling the droids from Star Wars — the little hero R2-D2, the philosopher C-3PO…
Nowadays some companies create similar cute guys. But a human-like metal being that performs difficult tasks isn’t the only form of AI.
AI — The Key To The Future
Artificial intelligence is the ability of different machines to act rationally — “make decisions” based on the specific situation.
There’s nothing magic about it. Such machines become smart thanks to algorithms, which:
- gather external information;
- interpret the data;
- learn by analyzing them.
Even if you aren’t tech-savvy, you’ve probably benefited from something classified as AI.
Programs of that kind suggest us people to follow on Twitter or identify spam on Facebook.
Artificial intelligence is widely used in games. Let’s say, it takes the role of your enemy in shooter games and simulates a real pet in Nintendogs.
AI entertains us. It also helps us to handle the day-to-day stuff: the simplest example is robot hoovers — they do our dirty work in a literal sense.
Of course, smart technologies solve more complicated human problems as well. They move science forward. It sounds pathetic, and yet pathos is absolutely appropriate in this case.
How important, for instance, innovative algorithms that conduct screenings and diagnostic early cancer tests!
10 Insightful Facts About Machine Intelligence
- The first famous AI robots, IBM’s computer playing chess, was made in 1996. On 10 February 1996, it defeated the reigning World Champion Garry Kasparov in game one, however, he won three and drew two of the following five games. Being heavily upgraded, the machine played the second match against Kasparov on 11 May 1997. Artificial intelligence won.
- The music-generating program Watson BEAT needs 20 seconds to create a unique track. There is every chance once it will create a great composition. Watson BEAT understands how emotions are connected to different music elements.
- AI isn’t bad in painting and already earns money as an artist. Portrait of Edmond de Belamy, which the algorithm GAN (Generative adversarial network) has created recently, was sold for $432,000.
- A powerful computer called Nautilus predicted the location of Osama Bin Laden, a founder of the militant organization al-Qaeda, in 2011. Many experts supposed that the terrorist was hiding in Afghanistan that time, but the machine showed he was in Pakistan. Nautilus made the conclusion having learned information from over 100 million articles about the al-Qaeda’s leader.
- In 2018, a translation system developed by Microsoft was able to translate news from Chinese to English with the same accuracy as a man.
- AI Crop Spraying System fitted onto tractors tells the difference between weeds and cotton sprouts in 30 milliseconds so as not to apply herbicide to useful plants. The technology provides effective and eco-friendly cotton cultivation.
- The company Hanson Robotics built the social-learning humanoid robot Sophia looking like a real woman. Sophia can communicate with real people, answer their questions in good English. She uses facial expressions to smile or frown.
- By 2025, machine intelligence is believed to transform into a sixty billion dollar industry.
- According to research from Oxford Economics, AI can ‘replace up to 20 million factory jobs’ by 2030. A lot of people will be out of work.
- Some great technologists, particularly Elon Musk and Bill Gates, think that artificial intelligence is a big threat to the human race. Maybe, the great minds are right. Here is an unpleasant fact: very dangerous killer robots exist already today. They are in use in South Korea and Israel. Right now these robots patrol borders, but if something goes wrong…
Our world tends to change, whether we like it or not. Artificial intelligence is a new challenge for us.
Both those who create smart algorithms and those who use AI devices should develop their own, human skills. It isn’t time to be a dull lazy consumer.